Task Force: Combatting Child Labor
You have been put in charge of combatting child labor in a country that will be assigned to you. It is your job to create an individualized plan for the designated country to tackle the pressing issue. You will find case studies and the U.S. Department of Labor’s country profile for various countries attached below.
Why Are We Doing This?:
There are approximately 152 million victims of child labor according to the International Labour Organization’s 2017 data. Every country is plagued with child labor in a different manner. The goal here is for you to think about various steps that need to be taken in order to decrease rates of child labor in the country assigned to you.
- Review your country’s case study attached at the bottom of this Task Force.
- Then, choose ONE factor (protect vulnerable children, target industries, or increasing Educational and Economic Opportunities) to come up with a plan for and answer the following questions:
- What needs to change?
- Why does it need to change?
- Who needs to make the change?
- How will they make this change?
- Think through the possible objections that someone could have and how you would answer them.
- Share with the group and see if you can convince them that your plan should be adopted to combat child labor in your assigned country!
You will find an example at the bottom of this document.
Things to Keep in Mind:
- You don’t have to worry about answering all possible objections, but you should have some defense of why you think your reasons are more important.
- Your plan should include things that governments could realistically implement.
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
|Industries:||Bananas, Coffee, Gold, Gravel, Shellfish, Pumice Stone, Tobacco|
|US Department of Labor Nicaragua Child Labor Profile:||https://www.dol.gov/agencies/ilab/resources/reports/child-labor/nicaragua|
|Industries:||Hand-Rolled Cigarettes, Bricks, Dried Fish, Footwear, Steel Furniture, Garments, Glass, Leather, Matches, Poultry, Salt, Shrimp, Soap, Textiles|
|US Department of Labor Profile:||https://www.dol.gov/agencies/ilab/resources/reports/child-labor/bangladesh|
|Industries:||Bricks, Carpets, Coal, Flowers (Poppies), Salt|
|US Department of Labor Profile:||https://www.dol.gov/agencies/ilab/resources/reports/child-labor/afghanistan|
|Industries:||Cocoa, Fish, Gold, Tilapia|
|US Department of Labor Profile:||https://www.dol.gov/agencies/ilab/resources/reports/child-labor/ghana|
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO
|Industries:||Cobalt Ore, Copper, Diamonds, Gold, Coltan, Tin Ore, Tungsten Ore|
|US Department of Labor Profile:||https://www.dol.gov/agencies/ilab/resources/reports/child-labor/congo-democratic-republic|
|Method of Combating Child Labor||What needs to change?||Why does it need to change?||Who needs to make the change?||How will they make this change?|
|Protect Vulnerable Children||Migrant children are particularly vulnerable to hazardous work in the seafood industry.||These children work long hours, do hazardous work, and, as a result, experience health issues.||Thai-based seafood companies and the Thai government.||Companies need to reduce the hours migrant children are working. The Thai government must increase access to basic education for migrant children by providing public school applications in multiple languages and Thai as a second language courses in school.|
|Target Industries||Children from Burma, Laos, and Cambodia are lured into the commercial sex industry through the internet and social media.||These children are exploited in Thai massage parlors, bars, karaoke lounges, hotels, and live internet broadcasts.||Social media companies and the Thai government.||Social media companies need to prevent traffickers and exploiters from targeting children by improving software to detect the mention of sex trafficking or exploitation. The Thai officials need to improve the detection of trafficking victims from Burma, Laos, and Cambodia upon entry to Thailand. The government also needs to do routine inspections of businesses known for exploiting children for sexual purposes.|
|Increasing Educational and Economic Opportunities||Ethnic minorities and migrant children struggle to access basic education due to language barriers.||Without the opportunity to attend and excel in school, ethnic minorities and migrants are more likely to engage in child labor.||Thai government||Offer public school applications in multiple languages or offer interpreter services. Create Thai as a second language courses in all public schools. Offer ethnic studies and ethnic minority language courses for ethnic minorities to feel more comfortable and welcome in school.|